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建築史学とは What is Architectural History?

建築史学は、未来の建築や都市を構想するために、人類の歴史・文化の継承を通じて人間環境の形成を考察する学問です。建築は丈夫なだけでなく、美しく魅力的でなければなりません。また,建築は社会的・文化的問題まで及ぶきわめて広い領域にかかわっています。建築にたずさわる者はこれらの多様な要素を総合的にまとめあげてゆく能力を必要とします。建築史学はそのベースとなる学問です。

The architect formulates a model of the architecture and the city of the future, which is a part of the history and the culture of the past and the present and creates a new human environment.
The architecture is required to be stable, functional and beautiful and bears old and intimate relationships to our society and tradition.
The architect also is required to synthesize aspects of all the human environment. Furthermore we cannot practice the architecture without artistic talent.
To explicate these facets of building, the historian normally synthesizes information from formal analysis, archaeological investigation, and the study of primary (written or visual) sources.
If we want to know more about the Taj Mahal and its significance, then we need to study the architecture of Islamic northern India, and Persia, from where the architect came.